It is the official language of eight countries and is spoken by around million people, most of whom are in Brazil. UNESCO says that, along with Spanish, it is the fastest growing European language after English, and that in South America and southern Africa, it possesses the greatest growth potential as an international language.

And if you are a tourist, the ability to speak Portuguese will provide a much better cultural experience through a deeper appreciation of the literature, music, architecture and people. Since the sixteenth century, Portuguese colonizers have spread their language in South America, Africa, and to a lesser extent in Asia.

The World Cup and Olympic Games, both taking place in Brazil, will reinforce the language's position at the center of the world stage. Furthermore, there is already an increased demand in American universities to learn the language among students who wish to tap into growing economic opportunities, be they in Brazil, Portugal or Africa. The better one can speak a language, the easier it is to have any kind of interaction with native speakers.

Being able to speak Portuguese doesn't just make you more aware of business opportunities, but earns the respect of native speakers, and gives you greater access to a society and its culture, enriching your life in the long-run.

Those who speak Portuguese hold the key to both future business and personal satisfaction. Although Portugal is the home of the language, Brazil has more Portuguese speakers, in much the same way that the United States has the largest concentration of English speakers.

Just as there are differences between US and British English, so there are differences between the language as spoken in Brazil and Portugal. They occur in syntax, grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation and spelling, although due to recent changes brought about by the Portuguese Orthographic Code, all spelling disparities are being phased out in However, none of these language idiosyncrasies are insurmountable; European and Brazilian Portuguese are still completely mutually intelligible.

Portuguese is said to be an easy language to learn, particularly for speakers of other Romance languages, and while there are many different ways to acquire it, both on- and offline, Babbel's system is at the forefront of online language learning. Even if you have no previous experience learning foreign languages, Babbel will ascertain your level and teach you in a manner that fits your pace, reinforcing what you know and strengthening what you don't.

With all your progress saved in the cloud, you can practice any time, anywhere: on your computer, smartphone or tablet. A monthly Babbel subscription costs less than certain less-healthful daily habits and will get you understanding and speaking Portuguese in no time. Don't know anyone to practice your Portuguese with? Use Babbel's free community features to connect with other learners and native speakers so you never have to learn alone.

Ready to get started? Try your first Portuguese lesson with Babbel for free. The importance of the language around the world Since the sixteenth century, Portuguese colonizers have spread their language in South America, Africa, and to a lesser extent in Asia.

The advantages of being able to speak Portuguese The better one can speak a language, the easier it is to have any kind of interaction with native speakers. Differences between Brazilian and European Portuguese Although Portugal is the home of the language, Brazil has more Portuguese speakers, in much the same way that the United States has the largest concentration of English speakers. Learning Portuguese with Babbel Portuguese is said to be an easy language to learn, particularly for speakers of other Romance languages, and while there are many different ways to acquire it, both on- and offline, Babbel's system is at the forefront of online language learning.In the 1st millennium bce the Celtic Lusitani entered the Iberian Peninsula and settled the land, and many traces of their influence remain.

According to national legendthough, Lisbonthe national capital, was founded not by Celts but by the ancient Greek warrior Odysseuswho was said to have arrived at a rocky headland near what is the present-day city after leaving his homeland to wander the world and who, liking what he saw, stayed there for a while; his departure was said to have broken the heart of the nymph Calypsowho, the legend goes, turned herself into a snake, her coils becoming the seven hills of Lisbon.

Of course, had Odysseus actually come to Portugal, he would have found the land already well settled by the Lusitani.


Lusitani tribes battled the Romans for generations before acceding to empire, whereupon Rome established several important towns and ports; the Roman presence can be seen in the very name of the country, which derives from Portus Cale, a settlement near the mouth of the Douro River and the present-day city of Porto. Later, the descendants of Romans and the Lusitani would live under Moorish rule for several centuries until an independent kingdom was established.

Much of that empire was quickly lost, but even then Portugal retained sizable holdings along the African coast, in southern and eastern Asiaand in South America. Portugal remained a colonial power until the mids, when a peaceful revolution transformed the country from a dictatorship into a democratic republic.

Long among the poorest countries of Europe, Portugal modernized in the last decades of the 20th century, expanding its economy from one based primarily on textile manufacture and livestock raising to include a range of manufactures and services. The city clings to low but steep hills situated on the right bank of the Tagus and is a popular tourist destination.

Lisbon is rather more tranquil and reserved than Madrid in neighbouring Spainbut it shares with it a reputation for great food, melancholy and romantic musicdanceand sport. Portuguese delight in the countryside, where they gather to hold family picnics, tend to their gardens and orchards, and relax. Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback.

Thank you for your feedback. Written By: Walter C. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today. Load Next Page. More About. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.Learn Portuguese with lessons that teach you to speak the Portuguese language confidently.

Start learning Portuguese with Rosetta Stone. Learn Portuguese and join the conversation with over million native speakers across the globe. From Portugal to Brazil to Mozambique, learning Portuguese will expand your world more broadly in business and in culture. Speaking Portuguese gives you access to the millions of Lusophones who are fluent in the second most-spoken Romance language in the world.

English speakers will find that learning Portuguese is not as difficult to learn as it sounds. Portuguese grammar and sentence structures are simplified compared to English, and many Portuguese language learners find that the Portuguese accent is easier to produce than a Spanish accent. English and Portuguese also share deep Latin roots. These cognates can give you a huge advantage when it comes to speaking Portuguese quickly and confidently.

Not only is Portuguese relatively quick to pick up and begin speaking, understanding it gives you a huge advantage in understanding other Romance languages like French, Italian, and Spanish. At Rosetta Stone, we understand that the goal of learning Portuguese is to feel confident enough to speak the language and to understand it in real-world situations.

Portuguese is spoken across the world. As the result of expansion during colonial times, a cultural presence of Portuguese and Portuguese-creole speakers are also found in India, Sri Lanka, some Indonesian islands, parts of Malaysia, and in areas of the Caribbean.

Rosetta Stone focuses on teaching Brazilian Portuguese. It compares your voice to that of native speakers, providing feedback and helping you improve your ability to speak and understand Portuguese. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. Here is a link to the audio instead. Portuguese literature originally sprung from the tradition of medieval Galician-Portuguese poetry, originally developed in northern Portugal in the early 12th century.

Today, it includes any written works by people living in Portugal, Brazil, Angola, Mozambique, and other places where Lusophones reside. You might not find another group that champions poets and poetry today like Portuguese speakers. In fact, one of the most significant literary figures of the 20th century, Fernando Pessoa, is argued to be one of the greatest poets in the Portuguese language.

The Portuguese Language

Samba, the musical genre and dance style that originated in Brazil, is world-famous. Although there were various forms of samba in Brazil with popular rhythms originating from drumming, samba as a musical genre has its origins in Rio de Janeiro, the former capital of Brazil. Get a feel for the samba beat and listen to this samba-rhythm-based tune by Gilberto Gil, Chiclete com Banana Gum with Banana. The Portuguese alphabet is one of the first things language learners attempt to tackle in their quest to learn to speak and write Portuguese.

The Portuguese alphabet is Latin-based and has 26 lettersthe same as the English alphabet. One of the trickier parts of learning the alphabet, however, is knowing what the symbols above each letter do to change the sound you make. Portuguese has 14 vowel sounds.

The letter h is silent in Portuguese.

Mr Bean Desenho Animado em Português - Volta às Aulas

After practicing the alphabet sounds, we advise language learners to jump right into pronunciations. Rosetta Stone encourages learning foundational concepts first. Each lesson includes practical exercises that get you speaking Portuguese and working on your pronunciation consistently.Related to Portuguese: Portugal.

Of or relating to Portugal or its people, language, or culture. Portuguese 1. A native or inhabitant of Portugal. Languages the official language of Portugal, its overseas territories, and Brazil: the native language of approximately million people. Switch to new thesaurus. Latinian languageRomance languageRomance - the group of languages derived from Latin. PortugalPortuguese Republic - a republic in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula; Portuguese explorers and colonists in the 15th and 16th centuries created a vast overseas empire including Brazil.

Portugiese portugiesisch Portugiesin. Portugees Portugese. Portekizce Portekizli Portekiz.

N Portuguese pl 1. Mentioned in? References in classic literature? The Portuguese traveller, contrary to the general vein of his countrymen, has amused his reader with no romantic absurdities or incredible fictions; whatever he relates, whether true or not, is at least probable; and he who tells nothing exceeding the bounds of probability has a right to demand that they should believe him who cannot contradict him.

In his account of the mission, where his veracity is most to be suspected, he neither exaggerates overmuch the merits of the Jesuits, if we consider the partial regard paid by the Portuguese to their countrymen, by the Jesuits to their society, and by the Papists to their church, nor aggravates the vices of the Abyssins; but if the reader will not be satisfied with a Popish account of a Popish mission, he may have recourse to the history of the church of Abyssinia, written by Dr.

View in context. The islands belong to Portugal, and everything in Fayal has Portuguese characteristics about it. Being now come to the latitude of 30 degrees, we resolved to put into the first trading port we should come at; and standing in for the shore, a boat came of two leagues to us with an old Portuguese pilot on board, who, knowing us to be an European ship, came to offer his service, which, indeed, we were glad of and took him on board; upon which, without asking us whither we would go, he dismissed the boat he came in, and sent it back.

Is seized and carried by force into a Portuguese ship. He was notorious even in Portuguese Africa on account of his atrocious treatment of the blacks. I jumped out of the cabin, and immediately saw, not only the ship, but that it was a Portuguese ship; and, as I thought, was bound to the coast of Guinea, for negroes.

From the interior came Indians with subtle poisons, naked bodies, and painted idols; from the sea came vengeful Spaniards and rapacious Portuguese ; exposed to all these enemies though the climate proved wonderfully kind and the earth abundant the English dwindled away and all but disappeared.


The first boat we read of, floated on an ocean, that with Portuguese vengeance had whelmed a whole world without leaving so much as a widow. For by a Portuguese Catholic priest, this very idea of Jonah's going to Nineveh via the Cape of Good Hope was advanced as a signal magnification of the general miracle.

Dictionary browser? Full browser? Portuguese - the Romance language spoken in Portugal and Brazil Latinian languageRomance languageRomance - the group of languages derived from Latin PortugalPortuguese Republic - a republic in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula; Portuguese explorers and colonists in the 15th and 16th centuries created a vast overseas empire including Brazil.

Portuguese - a native or inhabitant of Portugal PortugalPortuguese Republic - a republic in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula; Portuguese explorers and colonists in the 15th and 16th centuries created a vast overseas empire including Brazil European - a native or inhabitant of Europe. Portuguese - of or relating to or characteristic of Portugal or the people of Portugal or their language; "Portuguese wines" Lusitanian.It was originally a dialect of Latin with some influence of the Celtic languages spoken in the Kingdom of Portugal.

The Portuguese language is the third-most spoken western language after English and Spanish. It is also an official language in East Timor and Macau. Portuguese and English have words that mean the same and are similar as well. The words came from the same languages usually LatinGreek or French.

Some English words come from Portuguese, such as tank tanquecacao cacaumarmalade marmelada from marmelo "quince"caramel, molasses, mosquito, cobra, breeze brisaalbino, coconut, zebra, pagoda, Mandarin, buccaneer, fetish, tapioca and commando. The Portuguese word parentes is similar to the English word "parents", but it means "relatives", and the Portuguese word to mean "parents" is pais.

The Portuguese-speaking countries have more than million people across the world. East Timor joined in Also, regional slang can be found in different areas. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs more sources for reliability. Please help improve this article by adding reliable sources.

Portuguese phrasebook

Unsourced material may be challenged or removed. Language family. Medieval Galician. Writing system. Romance languages. Hidden categories: Articles needing additional references from February All articles needing additional references Articles containing Portuguese-language text Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle Language articles missing Glottolog code ISO language articles citing sources other than Ethnologue.

Namespaces Page Talk. Views Read Change Change source View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last changed on 22 Februaryat See Terms of Use for details. Latin Portuguese alphabet Portuguese Braille. This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering supportyou may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Portuguese edition of Wikipediathe free encyclopedia.It is the westernmost sovereign state of mainland Europebeing bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and east by Spain.

Its territory also includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeiraboth autonomous regions with their own regional governments.

Portugal is the oldest nation state on the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europeits territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times. Portugal as a country was established during the early Christian Reconquista.


In the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal established the first global maritime and commercial empirebecoming one of the world's major economic, political and military powers. During this time Portugal monopolized the spice tradedivided the world into hemispheres of dominion with Castileand the empire expanded with military campaigns in Asia. However, events such as the Lisbon earthquakethe country's occupation during the Napoleonic Warsand the independence of Brazil erased to a great extent Portugal's prior opulence.

After the revolution deposed the monarchy, the democratic but unstable Portuguese First Republic was established, later being superseded by the Estado Novo authoritarian regime. Shortly after, independence was granted to almost all its overseas territories.

The handover of Macau to China marked the end of what can be considered one of the longest-lived colonial empires. Portugal has left a profound cultural, architectural and linguistic influence across the globewith a legacy of around million Portuguese speakersand many Portuguese-based creoles.

It is a developed country with an advanced economy and high living standards. The word Portugal derives from the Roman - Celtic place name Portus Cale ; [21] a city where present-day Vila Nova de Gaia now stands, at the mouth of the River Douro in the north of what is now Portugal. The name of the city is from the Latin word for port or harbor, portusbut the second element of Portus Cale is less clear.

The mainstream explanation for the name is that it is an ethnonym derived from the Castro peoplealso known as the CallaeciGallaeci or Gallaecia, who occupied the north-west of the Iberian Peninsula.

Another theory proposes that Cale or Calle is a derivation of the Celtic word for port, like the Irish called or Scottish Gaelic call. These explanations, would require the pre-Roman language of the area to have been a branch of Q-Celtic, which is not generally accepted because the region's pre-Roman language was Gallaecian Celtic, usually considered P-Celtic.

Another theory has it that Cala was the name of a Celtic goddess drawing a comparison with the Gaelic Cailleach a supernatural hag.

Some French scholars believe the name may have come from 'Portus Gallus', [26] the port of the Gauls or Celts. The name Portucale evolved into Portugale during the 7th and 8th centuries, and by the 9th century, that term was used extensively to refer to the region between the rivers Douro and Minho. By the 11th and 12th centuries, PortugalePortugalliaPortvgallo or Portvgalliae was already referred to as Portugal.

The region of present-day Portugal was inhabited by Neanderthals and then by Homo sapienswho roamed the border-less region of the northern Iberian peninsula.

Neolithic Portugal experimented with domestication of herding animals, the raising of some cereal crops and fluvial or marine fishing. It is believed by some scholars that early in the first millennium BC, several waves of Celts invaded Portugal from Central Europe and inter-married with the local populations, forming different tribes.

Modern archeology and research shows a Portuguese root to the Celts in Portugal and elsewhere. The figures of maximum authority were the chieftain chefe tribalof military type and with authority in his Castro or clan, and the druid, mainly referring to medical and religious functions that could be common to several castros. The Celtic cosmogony remained homogeneous due to the ability of the druids to meet in councils with the druids of other areas, which ensured the transmission of knowledge and the most significant events.

The first documentary references to Castro society are provided by chroniclers of Roman military campaigns such as StraboHerodotus and Pliny the Elder among others, about the social organization, and describing the inhabitants of these territories, the Gallaeci of Northern Portugal as: "A group of barbarians who spend the day fighting and the night eating, drinking and dancing under the moon.


There were other similar tribes, and chief among them were the Lusitanians ; the core area of these people lay in inland central Portugal, while numerous other related tribes existed such as the Celtici of Alentejoand the Cynetes or Conii of the Algarve. A few small, semi-permanent, commercial coastal settlements such as Tavira were also founded in the Algarve region by Phoenicians — Carthaginians. Romans first invaded the Iberian Peninsula in BC. The Carthaginians, Rome's adversary in the Punic Warswere expelled from their coastal colonies.

During the last days of Julius Caesaralmost the entire peninsula was annexed to the Roman Republic.As the sixth most spoken language in the world, Portuguese opens doors to culture and commerce across Europe, Africa, and the Americas. If the excitement of global business and finance appeals to you, it makes sense to study Portuguese. Brazil is the site of the Amazon River and host to amazing biological diversity and an abundance of natural resources.

Although there are some differences in dialects spoken in Latin America, Africa, and Europe, grammar and most of the vocabulary is the same. On the other side of the world, Angola is also enjoying an economic boom, propelled by its vast reserves of oil. Portuguese is the dominant language of business in Angola, Mozambique, and other African nations, and minerals and oil are among their major exports. Asian countries such as China, South Korea, and Japan are increasing their diplomatic, trade, and financial ties with Portuguese-speaking countries.

Although the summer program has been suspended, we applaud the commitment of the students who prepared Congratulations to all the finalists and alternates who participated in the application for the CLS Program this summer. A Program of the U. Department of State. The Portuguese Language. Previous Institutes Select Year Portuguese Stories Finalists and Alternates Congratulations to the finalists and alternates for the CLS Program, representing students from institutions across all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico!

Read more Posted May 01, Read more Posted April 29, Finalists for the CLS Program were selected from a diverse pool of nearly 5, Read more Posted February 27,

thoughts on “Portugu�s

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *